July 31, 2023

20 Key Terms That You Should Know Related to Intelligent Document Processing

This article will explore the key terms related to Intelligent Document Processing and their significance in modern business environments.

In the digital era, businesses are inundated with vast amounts of data in various formats, and extracting valuable insights from these documents can be a daunting task. However, with the advent of Intelligent Document Processing (IDP), organizations can streamline and automate document processing workflows, leading to improved efficiency and reduced manual errors.  

IDP combines cutting-edge technologies like Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Machine Learning (ML), Deep Learning (DL), and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to comprehend, process, and analyze unstructured and structured documents.  

1. Intelligent Document Processing

Intelligent Document Processing (IDP) refers to a set of advanced technologies and techniques that utilize AI and automation to process, analyze, and extract information from various types of documents. IDP goes beyond traditional document processing methods, enabling organizations to handle unstructured documents efficiently. It encompasses OCR, ML, and NLP to understand the content, context, and structure of documents, ultimately improving data extraction accuracy and reducing manual intervention.

Read more: Why you need to switch to intelligent document processing to level up your hospitality services?


2. Document

A document is a recorded piece of information in the form of text, images, or multimedia that contains valuable data and knowledge. It can be physical or digital, such as invoices, contracts, emails, reports, or receipts. In the context of IDP, documents serve as the primary input for the processing pipeline, where advanced technologies extract, analyze, and interpret the content for further use.


3. Document Imaging

Document imaging is the process of converting physical documents, such as paper records, into digital images using scanners or cameras. This transformation allows organizations to store, manage, and access documents electronically, promoting a paperless environment. Document imaging is a crucial step in IDP, as it enables the ingestion of physical documents into the digital processing workflow.


4. Document Capture

Document capture refers to the process of acquiring and digitizing documents for further processing. It involves capturing data from various sources like scanned documents, emails, faxes, or electronic files. The captured data is then subjected to OCR and other AI-driven techniques in IDP to convert unstructured content into structured and actionable information.


5. OCR (Optical Character Recognition)

OCR is a technology that converts different types of documents, such as scanned paper documents, PDF files, or images captured by a digital camera, into editable and searchable data. OCR engines identify characters, numbers, and symbols in the document images and transform them into machine-readable text. This technology is a fundamental component of IDP as it allows the extraction of relevant information from physical or image-based documents.


6. ML (Machine Learning)

Machine Learning (ML) is a subset of AI that enables systems to learn from data and improve their performance without being explicitly programmed. In IDP, ML algorithms analyze vast amounts of data from various documents to recognize patterns, extract valuable information, and continuously enhance the accuracy and efficiency of document processing.


7. DL (Deep Learning)

Deep Learning (DL) is an advanced form of ML that involves artificial neural networks capable of learning and representing data in a hierarchical manner. DL models are particularly effective in tasks such as image and speech recognition, making them valuable assets in the document processing pipeline of IDP. They excel in capturing complex relationships within unstructured data, leading to more precise document analysis.


8. AI (Artificial Intelligence)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines, enabling them to perform tasks that typically require human intelligence, such as perception, reasoning, learning, and problem-solving. IDP heavily relies on AI technologies like ML and DL to automate document processing, classification, and information extraction, revolutionizing how businesses handle their document-related operations.


9. Ground Truth

In the context of IDP, ground truth represents the accurate and reliable data used to train and evaluate ML and DL models. It refers to the manually annotated data, such as correctly extracted information from documents, which serves as the benchmark for the AI algorithms' performance. Establishing ground truth is essential to ensure the accuracy and effectiveness of IDP solutions.


10. RPA (Robotic Process Automation)

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a technology that uses software robots or bots to automate repetitive and rule-based tasks within business processes. While RPA focuses on automating structured data processes, it can be seamlessly integrated with IDP to handle document processing efficiently. RPA can perform tasks like data entry, validation, and data transfer based on the insights extracted by IDP.

Learn more: OCR vs IDP: Which one should you choose?


11. Structure

In the context of document processing, structure refers to the organization and layout of information within a document. Structured documents have a defined format, such as tables, forms, or standardized templates, which enables straightforward data extraction. IDP can effectively process structured documents, but it also excels at handling semi-structured and unstructured documents that lack a predefined layout.


12. Semi-Structured Documents

Semi-structured documents possess elements of both structured and unstructured documents. While they may have some organization, they also contain free-form text and variable data fields. Examples of semi-structured documents include invoices and purchase orders, which have consistent sections but may vary in content placement. IDP is adept at processing semi-structured documents by intelligently extracting relevant information despite their varying formats.


13. Unstructured Documents

Unstructured documents lack a predefined layout and organized data, making them more challenging to process compared to structured or semi-structured documents. Examples of unstructured documents include emails, contracts, and reports. IDP's advanced AI technologies, such as NLP and DL, play a crucial role in understanding and extracting relevant information from unstructured documents, making it usable for further analysis.


14. Different Types of Portable Formats of Documents

Portable Document Format (PDF), Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), and Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) are some of the common portable formats of documents. PDF is widely used for sharing documents across platforms while preserving their formatting. JPEG and TIFF are image formats often used for storing scanned documents or images. IDP supports various portable formats, allowing businesses to process and extract information from a wide range of documents.


15. Regex (Regular Expressions)

Regex, short for Regular Expressions, is a powerful tool used for pattern matching and text manipulation. In the context of IDP, regex is employed to identify specific patterns or structures within documents that aid in data extraction. Regex patterns can be created to recognize particular formats, such as dates, phone numbers, or identification numbers, facilitating the accurate extraction of relevant information from documents.


16. Object Detection

Object detection is an AI technique used to identify and locate objects or specific features within images or documents. In IDP, object detection algorithms can be applied to locate and extract specific information, such as company logos, signatures, or stamps from documents. This ensures that critical elements are correctly processed, contributing to the accuracy of data extraction.


17. NLP (Natural Language Processing)

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is an AI technology that enables machines to understand, interpret, and generate human language. In the context of IDP, NLP plays a vital role in comprehending the context and meaning of unstructured text from documents. By utilizing NLP, IDP systems can extract valuable insights from text-heavy documents, like contracts and legal agreements, with improved accuracy.


Explore more: Vitality of Intelligent Document Processing in Agriculture


18. Open Source Tools

Open source tools are software applications that are freely available for use, modification, and distribution. In the context of Intelligent Document Processing, there are various open source tools that provide valuable functionalities. These tools often offer developers and organizations the flexibility to customize and extend the capabilities of IDP systems based on their specific requirements.  


19. Saas (Software-as-a-Service)

Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) is a cloud-based software delivery model where applications are hosted by a provider and made available to customers over the internet. In the context of IDP, SaaS offerings allow businesses to access advanced document processing functionalities without the need for significant hardware investments or complex software installations. SaaS-based IDP solutions can seamlessly scale with business demands, ensuring rapid deployment, automatic updates, and reliable performance.


20. ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is a software suite that integrates and manages core business processes across various departments within an organization. IDP can be effectively integrated with ERP systems to automate document-driven processes such as invoice processing, purchase orders, and contract management. By combining IDP with ERP, businesses can achieve end-to-end automation and significantly streamline their workflows, leading to improved productivity and reduced manual errors.



As technology continues to evolve, Intelligent Document Processing is expected to further advance, enabling even more accurate and efficient document processing capabilities. Organizations that embrace IDP will gain a competitive edge in today's data-driven world, as they can harness the power of AI and automation to unlock valuable insights hidden within their documents.  

With the potential to streamline operations, reduce manual errors, and enhance decision-making processes, IDP is undoubtedly a game-changer for modern businesses in their pursuit of digital transformation and operational excellence.


AmyGB.ai is an AI research company that builds Intelligent Document Processing software to solve real world problems using advanced technology such as Computer Vision, Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing. Using proprietary AI technology with zero third-party dependency, AmyGB.ai’s products are set to revolutionize document heavy business processes by streamlining multiple channels so as to deliver end-to-end process automation. They aim to move towards a paper free, efficient and intelligent process. In addition, whether you're looking for a custom AI IDP application or seeking to integrate IDP solutions into your existing systems, AmyGB.ai has the experience and expertise to help you achieve your goals.

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